Purpose: To determine the dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), adverse events (AE), pharmacokinetics, and preliminary evidence of antitumor activity of CUDC-427 (formerly GDC-0917), a selective antagonist of inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) proteins.
Experimental Design: Patients with advanced solid malignancies were treated with escalating doses of CUDC-427 orally on a daily 14-day on/7-day off schedule in 21-day cycles using a modified continuous reassessment method design. Blood samples were assayed to determine the pharmacokinetic properties, pharmacodynamic alterations of cellular IAP levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) levels.
Results: Forty-two patients received 119 cycles of CUDC-427. Overall, the most common treatment-related toxicities were fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and rash. One DLT (grade 3 fatigue) occurred in a patient at 450 mg dose level during cycle 1, and 5 patients experienced AEs related to CUDC-427 that led to discontinuation and included grade 3 pruritus, and fatigue, and grade 2 drug hypersensitivity, pneumonitis, rash, and QT prolongation. The maximum planned dose of 600 mg orally daily for 2 weeks was reached, which allometrically scaled to exceed the IC90 in preclinical xenograft studies. Significant decreases in cIAP-1 levels in PBMCs were observed in all patients 6 hours after initial dosing. Responses included durable complete responses in one patient with ovarian cancer and one patient with MALT lymphoma.
Conclusions: CUDC-427 can be administered safely at doses up to 600 mg daily for 14 days every 3 weeks. The absence of severe toxicities, inhibition of cIAP-1 in PBMC, and antitumor activity warrant further studies. Clin Cancer Res; 22(18); 4567–73. ©2016 AACR.
Note: Supplementary data for this article are available at Clinical Cancer Research Online (http://clincancerres.aacrjournals.org/).
Prior presentation: Preliminary account of this study has been presented at ASCO Annual Meeting 2013.
- Received February 12, 2016.
- Revision received March 21, 2016.
- Accepted March 28, 2016.
- ©2016 American Association for Cancer Research.