Purpose: Antibodies labeled with both a near-infrared fluorescent dye and a radionuclide can be used for tumor-targeted intraoperative dual-modality imaging. Girentuximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody against carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX), an antigen expressed in 95% of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). This study aimed to assess the feasibility of targeted dual-modality imaging with 111In-girentuximab-IRDye800CW using ex vivo perfusion of human tumorous kidneys.
Experimental Design: Seven radical nephrectomy specimens from patients with ccRCC were perfused during 11 to 15 hours with dual-labeled girentuximab and subsequently rinsed during 2.5 to 4 hours with Ringer's Lactate solution. Then, dual-modality imaging was performed on a 5- to 10-mm-thick lamella of the kidney. Fluorescence imaging was performed with a clinical fluorescence camera set-up as applied during image-guided surgery. The distribution of Indium-111 in the slice of tumor tissue was visualized by autoradiography. In two perfusions, an additional dual-labeled control antibody was added to demonstrate specific accumulation of dual-labeled girentuximab in CAIX-expressing tumor tissue.
Results: Both radionuclide and fluorescence imaging clearly visualized uptake in tumor tissue and tumor-to-normal tissue borders, as confirmed (immuno)histochemically and by gamma counting. Maximum uptake of girentuximab in tumor tissue was 0.33% of the injected dose per gram (mean, 0.12 %ID/g; range, 0.01–0.33 %ID/g), whereas maximum uptake in the normal kidney tissue was 0.04 %ID/g (mean, 0.02 %ID/g; range, 0.00–0.04 %ID/g).
Conclusions: Dual-labeled girentuximab accumulated specifically in ccRCC tissue, indicating the feasibility of dual-modality imaging to detect ccRCC. A clinical study to evaluate intraoperative dual-modality imaging in patients with ccRCC has been initiated. Clin Cancer Res; 22(18); 4634–42. ©2016 AACR.
Note: Supplementary data for this article are available at Clinical Cancer Research Online (http://clincancerres.aacrjournals.org/).
- Received December 9, 2015.
- Revision received April 12, 2016.
- Accepted April 12, 2016.
- ©2016 American Association for Cancer Research.