Purpose: Autotransplantation of ovarian tissue can be used to restore fertility in patients with cancer following gonadotoxic treatment. Whether this procedure is safe remains unclear, as current tumor detection methods render the ovarian tissue unsuitable for transplantation. Full-field optical coherence tomography (FF-OCT) is an imaging modality that rapidly produces high-resolution histology-like images without the need to fix, freeze, or stain the tissue. In this proof-of-concept study, we investigated whether FF-OCT can be used to detect metastases in ovarian tissue, thereby increasing the safety of ovarian tissue autotransplantation. We also evaluated whether cortical ovarian tissue and follicles remain viable following FF-OCT imaging.
Experimental Design: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue samples were obtained from seven normal ovaries and fourteen ovaries containing metastases and/or micrometastases. These samples were deparaffinized and imaged using FF-OCT. The FF-OCT images were then compared with corresponding hematoxylin and eosin–stained tissue sections. Finally, we examined the effect of FF-OCT imaging on the viability of ovarian tissues and follicles in fresh bovine ovarian tissue using a glucose uptake and neutral red staining, respectively.
Results: FF-OCT illustrated both normal structures and metastases in ovarian tissue within minutes. Primordial follicles were readily identifiable. Finally, tissues and follicles remained viable following FF-OCT imaging for up to 180 and 60 minutes, respectively.
Conclusions: FF-OCT imaging is a promising method for the noninvasive detection of metastases, including micrometastases, in ovarian tissue. Moreover, this method facilitates the selection of cortical ovarian tissue with the highest density of primordial follicles, potentially increasing the likelihood of restoring ovarian function following ovarian tissue autotransplantation. Clin Cancer Res; 22(22); 5506–13. ©2016 AACR.
Note: Supplementary data for this article are available at Clinical Cancer Research Online (http://clincancerres.aacrjournals.org/).
- Received February 5, 2016.
- Revision received March 26, 2016.
- Accepted April 15, 2016.
- ©2016 American Association for Cancer Research.