Purpose: T-cell lymphomas (TCL) are aggressive diseases, which carry a poor prognosis. The emergence of new drugs for TCL has created a need to survey these agents in a rapid and reproducible fashion, to prioritize combinations which should be prioritized for clinical study. Mouse models of TCL that can be used for screening novel agents and their combinations are lacking. Developments in noninvasive imaging modalities, such as surface bioluminescence (SBL) and three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US), are challenging conventional approaches in xenograft modeling relying on caliper measurements. The recent approval of pralatrexate and romidepsin creates an obvious combination that could produce meaningful activity in TCL, which is yet to be studied in combination.
Experimental Design: High-throughput screening and multimodality imaging approach of SBL and 3D-US in a xenograft NOG mouse model of TCL were used to explore the in vitro and in vivo activity of pralatrexate and romidepsin in combination. Corresponding mass spectrometry–based pharmacokinetic and immunohistochemistry-based pharmacodynamic analyses of xenograft tumors were performed to better understand a mechanistic basis for the drug:drug interaction.
Results: In vitro, pralatrexate and romidepsin exhibited concentration-dependent synergism in combination against a panel of TCL cell lines. In a NOG murine model of TCL, the combination of pralatrexate and romidepsin exhibited enhanced efficacy compared with either drug alone across a spectrum of tumors using complementary imaging modalities, such as SBL and 3D-US.
Conclusions: Collectively, these data strongly suggest that the combination of pralatrexate and romidepsin merits clinical study in patients with TCLs. Clin Cancer Res; 1–11. ©2015 AACR.
Note: Supplementary data for this article are available at Clinical Cancer Research Online (http://clincancerres.aacrjournals.org/).
- Received September 4, 2014.
- Revision received January 14, 2015.
- Accepted February 9, 2015.
- ©2015 American Association for Cancer Research.