Purpose: To assess the toxicity, pharmacokinetics, tumor vascular response, tumor response, and pharmacodynamics of AMG 780, a mAb designed to inhibit the interaction between angiopoietin-1 and -2 and the Tie2 receptor.
Experimental Design: This was a phase I dose-escalation study of patients with advanced solid tumors refractory to standard treatment without previous antiangiogenic treatment. AMG 780 was administered by intravenous infusion every 2 weeks in doses from 0.1 to 30 mg/kg. The primary endpoints were incidences of dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) and adverse events (AE), and pharmacokinetics. Secondary endpoints included tumor response, changes in tumor volume and vascularity, and anti-AMG 780 antibody formation.
Results: Forty-five patients were enrolled across nine dose cohorts. Three patients had DLTs (0.6, 10, and 30 mg/kg), none of which prevented dose escalation. At 30 mg/kg, no MTD was reached. Pharmacokinetics of AMG 780 were dose proportional; median terminal elimination half-life was 8 to 13 days. No anti-AMG 780 antibodies were detected. At week 5, 6 of 16 evaluable patients had a >20% decrease in volume transfer constant (Ktrans), suggesting reduced capillary blood flow/permeability. The most frequent AEs were hypoalbuminemia (33%), peripheral edema (29%), decreased appetite (27%), and fatigue (27%). Among 35 evaluable patients, none had an objective response; 8 achieved stable disease.
Conclusions: AMG 780 could be administered at doses up to 30 mg/kg every 2 weeks in patients with advanced solid tumors. AMG 780 treatment resulted in tumor vascular effects in some patients. AEs were in line with toxicity associated with antiangiopoietin treatment. Clin Cancer Res; 1–11. ©2016 AACR.
Note: Supplementary data for this article are available at Clinical Cancer Research Online (http://clincancerres.aacrjournals.org/).
Prior presentation: The results were presented in part as a poster at the American Society of Clinical Oncology 50th Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, May 30 to June 3, 2014.
Clinical Trial registration ID: NCT01137552
- Received September 1, 2015.
- Revision received February 5, 2016.
- Accepted March 18, 2016.
- ©2016 American Association for Cancer Research.