Table 5

Correlation between lymph node metastasis and expression pattern of VEGF-C and VEGF-D in the marginal portions in invasive ductal adenocarcinoma of pancreatic head

Patterns of VEGF-C and -D expressionsNode negative (n = 23)Node positive (n = 35)Positive rate (%)
High *41781.0
Intermediate 81157.9
Low §11738.9
  • * High: cases with both VEGF-C and -D high expression.

  • P = 0.007.

  • Intermediate: cases including those with VEGF-C high expression and VEGF-D negative or low expression and those with VEGF-C negative or low expression and VEGF-D high expression.

  • § Low: cases with both VEGF-C and -D negative or low expression.