Table 5

Causes of death

No. of deaths
Treatment-related (n = 30)
 Early deathsa (n = 18)
  Sepsis8
  Endocarditis2
  Pulmonary embolism2
  Renal failure/pneumonia1
  Renal failure/dehydration1
  Multisystem failure1
  Unknown3
 Late deathsa (n = 12)
  Surgical complications4
  Carotid “blow out”2
  Endocarditis1
  Pneumonia1
  Laryngeal necrosis/pneumonia1
  Renal failure1
  Bleeding1
  Unknown1
Comorbidities (n = 41)
  Cardiac8
  Pneumonia8
  COPDb4
  Other respiratory3
  Drug overdose3
  Alcohol-related2
  Stroke2
  Suicide2
  Small bowel necrosis1
  Hemorrhage1
  Aneurysm1
  Other6
  • a Early deaths ≤ 6 months, late deaths > 6 months.

  • b COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.