Table 1.

Local and distal TGF-β–secreting cells involved in maintaining the tolerogenic sanctuary and immune privilege environment that occurs in malignant disease

Local tolerogenic sanctuary and immune privilege tumor microenvironment (TGF-β producing cells)
1. Malignant cells
2. Mesenchymal cells
3. Treg regulatory T cells
4. Macrophage
5. Neutrophils
6. NK T cells
7. Monocytes
8. Dendritic cells
9. Mast cells
10. Platelets