Table 4.

Diagnostic findings in the pancreas for those patients who underwent imaging

Overall (n = 51)Average risk (n = 5)Moderate risk (n = 14)High risk (n = 32)
EUS31 (61%)2 (40%)5 (36%)24 (75%)
    Normal*4013
    Changes of chronic pancreatitis
        ≥3 of the 9 findings6105
        ≥5 of the 9 findings3003
    IPMN-B5023
    Other cysts7043
    Solid mass lesion2002
FNA6 (18%)0 (0%)3 (21%)3 (9%)
    Of mass or parenchyma3003
    Of cysts or IPMN lesions3030
ERCP7 (14%)1 (20%)1 (7%)5 (16%)
    Normal4013
    IPMN-B2101
    PD irregularities2101
MRI/MRCP33 (65%)3 (60%)7 (50%)23 (72%)
    Normal222416
    IPMN1010
    Other cysts6024
    Solid mass lesion3102
    Isolated PD irregularities1001
No EUS or MRI10 (20%)2 (40%)5 (36%)3 (9%)
Pancreas surgery5 (10%)0 (0%)2 (14%)3 (10%)

Abbreviation: PD, pancreatic duct.

  • *Normal examinations included those with no abnormalities as well as those with only age-related changes such as mild atrophy or fatty infiltration.

  • The changes associated with chronic pancreatitis include hyperechoic foci, hyperechoic strands, lobularity, cysts, hyperechoic duct margins, dilated pancreatic duct, duct irregularity, visible side branches, and stones.