Table 3

Association between production of immature cells and the presence of growth factors and cytokines in plasma from cancer patients

Growth factors and cytokinesLinHLA-DRLinB7-2LinCD40
NameLevel in plasma
GM-CSFNormal (n = 14)25.2 ± 6.145.1 ± 8.963.6 ± 7.0
Elevated (n = 15)34.8 ± 7.155.6 ± 10.865.7 ± 8.9
TGF-βNormal (n = 18)24.5 ± 5.442.3 ± 7.758.4 ± 6.3
Elevated (n = 14)32.8 ± 6.146.5 ± 8.270.9 ± 6.5
VEGFNormal (n = 7)13.4 ± 8.332.2 ± 11.739.5 ± 10.0
Elevated (n = 23)33.0 ± 4.5*52.4 ± 6.372.2 ± 4.9*
IL-6Normal (n = 15)27.6 ± 5.942.6 ± 7.959.5 ± 6.9
Elevated (n = 18)28.1 ± 5.449.9 ± 7.767.9 ± 6.9
M-CSFNormal (n = 20)29.2 ± 5.050.6 ± 7.071.0 ± 6.1
Elevated (n = 14)25.0 ± 6.139.3 ± 8.055.6 ± 6.8