Table 4

Association of clinicopathologic factors with overall survival evaluated by Cox’s proportional hazards model

Significance (P)Hazard ratio
Sex (male vs. female)0.6511.123
Tumor sizea0.0271.113
Depth of tumor invasion (T1–T4)b0.1651.155
Peritoneal dissemination (p0–p3)c0.0711.315
Lymph node metastasis (N0–N3)d0.8121.229
Adoptive immunotherapy0.0480.819
  • a Continuous variables.

  • b T1, tumor invades lamina propria or submucosa; T2, tumor invades muscularis propria or subserosa; T3, tumor penetrates the serosa; T4, exposed serosa tumor invades adjacent structures.

  • c P0, no peritoneal metastasis; P1, metastasis to the adjacent peritoneum but not the distant peritoneum; P2, some metastasis to the distant peritoneum; P3, numerous sites of metastasis to the distant peritoneum.

  • d N0, no evidence of lymph node metastasis; N1, N2, and N3, metastasis to lymph nodes of groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively.